Free shipping for many products!  This Persian-style instrument was being played there in the seventh century. Among those playing the oud in the Arabic tradition, a common older pattern of tuning the strings is (low pitch to high): D2 G2 A2 D3 G3 C4 on single string courses or D2, G2 G2, A2 A2, D3 D3, G3 G3, C4 C4 for a course of two strings. Arab Oud Tuning Method Tuning of an Oud in Arabian method has a special feature. Similarly for the depth, seven fingers and a half and this is the half of the width and the quarter of the length [of the strings]. I have forgotten the name and original country of this beautiful arabic guitar. The highly influential organologist Curt Sachs distinguished between the "long-necked lute" and the short-necked variety. " The oldest images of short-necked lutes from the area that Sachs knew of were "Persian figurines of the 8th century B.C.," found in excavations at Suza, but he knew of nothing connecting these to the Oud-related Ganharan art 8 centuries later.. 1 check-in.  He was well known for founding a school of music in Andalusia, one of the places where the oud or lute entered Europe. In terms of tone, the three ouds sit somewhere between classical guitar and zither, although they're not radically different from one another. Khalife toured the Middle East, North Africa, Europe and the United States while performing solo shows simply using an. The oud is very similar to modern lutes, and also to Western lutes. Longing for peace and the love of the land of Palestine, a shared Palestinian identity was exhibited within an upsurge of composers and musicians whom had also arisen amidst all the struggles of living under Israeli occupation.  Like Sachs, Dumbrill saw length as distinguishing lutes, dividing the Mesopotamian lutes into a long-necked variety and a short. Beautiful Oud Piece Played for PaliRooters by Abduallah Mutan. Menu. Names for the instrument in different languages include Arabic: عود ʿūd or ʿoud (Arabic pronunciation: [ʕu(ː)d, ʢuːd], plural: أعواد aʿwād), Armenian: ուդ, Syriac: ܥܘܕ ūd, Greek: ούτι oúti, Hebrew: עוּד ud, Persian: بربط barbat (although the barbat is a different lute instrument), Turkish: ud or ut, Azeri: ud, and Somali: cuud or kaban.  It is not to be confused with the differently shaped and tuned Kwitra. 64 people like this . Arabic guitar - Oud. Correspondingly, oud instruments come in a wide array of price ranges varying from as low as $400 and increasing upwards along with the quality of the instrument. Palestinian cultural expression of nationalism was initiated through the influence of traditional Arabic music. Steel strings on the guitar strings work, but with a different sound. The oud eventually made its way through North Africa and spread to Europe, serving as the most influential predecessor of the guitar. Arabic ouds are most commonly known for a nice, deep, round sound, with a preferred low sustain. Fresco from the tomb of Nebamun, a nobleman in the 18th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt (c. 1350 BC). , The Turkic peoples had a similar instrument called the kopuz. Account. English.  The two instruments have been confused by modern scholars looking for examples, and some of the ouds identified may possibly be barbats. Historically, strings were made from animal gut; most commonly from the small intestine of sheep and sometimes combined with metal. [Notes 1] And its width: fifteen fingers. These include the piano, the electric piano, the electric organ, the Oriental keyboard, the accordion, the electric guitar, and the electric (fretted) bass.  He focuses on the longer lutes of Mesopotamia, and similar types of related necked chordophones that developed throughout ancient world: Greek, Egyptian (in the Middle Kingdom), Elamites, Hittite, Roman, Bulgar, Turkic, Indian, Chinese, Armenian/Cilician, Canaanite/Phoenician, Israelite/Judean, and various other cultures. The oud (Arabic: عود ʿūd [ʕuːd]) is a short-neck lute-type, pear-shaped stringed instrument (a chordophone in the Hornbostel-Sachs classification of instruments), usually with 11 strings grouped in 6 courses, but some models have 5 or 7 courses, with 10 or 13 strings respectively. The second version attributes, as in many other cultures influenced by Greek philosophy, the invention of the oud to "Philosophers". The Arabic: العود (al-ʿūd or oud) literally denotes a thin piece of wood similar to the shape of a straw. I bought the Arabic … The neck, also referred to as the fretboard, ironically has no frets, which contributes to its utterly unique sound. Some woods have been more favored for their aromatic properties and others most commonly preferred for their exquisite professional quality. Revival movements of historical music have been making a comeback, and we hope that this blog will inspire you to keep the strong traditions of your Palestinian roots flowing!  This instrument was thought to have magical powers and was brought to wars and used in military bands. Various types of wood have been used to create this musical instrument. Arabic Music is the Oud. Community See All. Historical sources indicate that Ziryab (789–857) added a fifth string to his oud. The oud is thus known to be the father of the lute and the grandfather of the guitar as it is one of the world’s most ancient musical instruments. By signing up via text, you agree to receive recurring automated marketing text messages from paliroots at the cell number used when signing up. However, another theory according to Semitic language scholars, is that the Arabic ʿoud is derived from Syriac ʿoud-a, meaning "wooden stick" and "burning wood"—cognate to Biblical Hebrew ’ūḏ, referring to a stick used to stir logs in a fire..  "As early as the ninth century" a fifth string ḥād ("sharp") was sometimes added "to make the range of two octaves complete". Estimated payment amounts shown on product pages exclude taxes and shipping charges, which are added at checkout. Forgot account? Newer Post, Please note, comments must be approved before they are published. Strings of the oud were also commonly plucked with a feather, otherwise known as a ‘rishe’ in Arabic. When the Moors conquered Andalusia in 711, they brought their ud along, into a country that had already known a lute tradition under the Romans, the pandura.  At the end of the 6th century, a wood topped version of the Persian-styled instrument was constructed by al Nadr, called "ūd", and introduced from Iraq to Mecca. Price ranges have also increased due to the limited market of handmade ouds in comparison to mass-produced instruments from large factories. Its name means "a thin strip of wood" in Arabic. Arabic ouds are most commonly known for a nice, deep, round sound, with a preferred low sustain. אוּד (ud) -- a brand, firebrand", https://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=1447477&partId=1&people=24615&peoA=24615-3-17&page=1, "Pakistan, Swat Valley, Gandhara region Lute Player; From a group of Five Celestial Musicians, 4th-5th century Sculpture; Stone, Gray schist, 10 1/8 x 4 3/4 x 2 1/2 in. Some of these instruments can be altered to produce quartertones. The Arabic Oud is a close relative of the lute, sharing the same kind of half-egg-shaped body and short fingerboard. The Engine. 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